Honey super

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Beeswax being scraped off the honeycombs in the honey supers

A honey super is a part of a commercial or other managed (such as by a hobbyist) beehive that is used to collect honey. The most common variety is the "Illinois" or "medium" super with a depth of 658 inches, in the length and width dimensions of a Langstroth hive.

A honey super consists of a box in which 8–10 frames are hung. Western honeybees collect nectar and store the processed nectar in honeycomb, which they build on the frames. When the honeycomb is full, the bees will reduce the moisture content of the honey to 17-18% moisture content before capping the comb with beeswax.

Beekeepers will take the full honey supers and extract the honey. Periods when there is an abundant nectar source available and bees are quickly bringing back the nectar, are called a honey flow. During a honey flow, beekeepers may put several honey supers onto a hive so the bees have enough storage space.

Honey supers are removed in the fall when the honey is extracted, and before the hive is winterized, but enough honey is left for the bees to consume during winter.

Langstroth hive dimensions[edit]

Using 34 inch wood the outside dimensions are 1978" × 1614" × height. In the metric system 25mm wood may be used which makes the outside dimensions 515mm × 425mm × height.[1]

Size or type Inside (1838" × 1458") and height in inches Metric 465 × 375 and height in millimeters Comment
10 frame Comb Honey Super 434 121 Ross Rounds need 412" Super
10 frame Shallow Super 534 146
10 frame Medium depth Illinois Super 658 168
10 frame Large depth Super 758 193
10 frame Deep 958 244


  1. ^ "10-frame Langstroth Beehive" (PDF). Beesource.com. 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2008-12-21.

External links[edit]